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Pluricentric Languages and Non-Dominant Varieties Worldwide

Part I: Pluricentric Languages across Continents. Features and Usage


Edited By Rudolf Muhr

This is the first of two thematically arranged volumes with papers that were presented at the "World Conference of Pluricentric Languages and their non-dominant Varieties" (WCPCL). It comprises papers about 20 PCLs and 14 NDVs around the world. The second volume encompasses a further 17 papers about the pluricentricity of Portuguese and Spanish. The conference was held at the University of Graz (Austria) on July 8th-11th 2015. The papers fall into five categories: (1) Theoretical aspects of pluricentricity and the description of variation; (2) Different types of pluricentricity in differing environments; (3) African pluricentric languages and non-dominant varieties; (4) The pluricentricity of Arabic and Asian languages; (5) The pluricentricity of European languages inside Europe (Austrian German, Bosnian/Serbian/Croatian, Hungarian, Belgium Dutch, French, Greek, Swedish, Russian).

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Attitudes of Russian L2 learners of Greek towards the Greek Language Varieties of Cyprus



The present study focuses on the language attitudes of Russian L2 learners of Greek – who reside in Cyprus – towards Cypriot Greek (CG) and Standard Modern Greek (SMG) in the light of pluricentricity theory (Clyne, 1992; Muhr, 2003, 2005; Muhr, 2012). The matched-guise technique (Lambert, 1960; 1967; Evripidou, 2011) was implemented and 50 L1 Russian participants were asked to evaluate the personal qualities of bi-dialectal speakers through the use of the Likert-scale questionnaire and recordings which were used in Evripidou’s study (2013). Participants completed the semantic differential scale and assessed the recorded passages of the same speakers on two different guises: CG and SMG. The results showed that L2 learners of Greek with L1 Russian background tend to have a more positive attitude towards SMG than CG. Overall, people who speak SMG are considered to be kinder, more sincere, educated, attractive, friendly, modern, hard-working, intelligent, and have a better sense of humour than speakers of CG. When comparing and constructing the results with Evripidou’s study (ibid), these appear to be mainly in disagreement. In general, Russian L2 learners of Greek who live in Cyprus, have a negative attitude towards CG, an unofficial variety of the pluricentric language (Greek), while they seem to favour SMG, the official variety.

1.   Introduction

Sociolinguistic theory of pluricentric languages and the distinction between monocentric and polycentric norms was first proposed by Kloss (1952/1978) and later by Stewart (1968). According to Kloss (1952/1978), a pluricentric language has more...

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