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Early Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Parents’ and Caregivers’ Attitudes and Observations


Zofia Chłopek

The author investigates the development of children raised bilingually or multilingually. Parents and caregivers completed a questionnaire, providing information on 36 children growing up with two or more languages. Their responses indicate that bilingual and multilingual children usually develop as well as their monolingual peers, and sometimes even better. Some drawbacks of early bilingualism or multilingualism, such as a slight delay in the onset of speech production or asymmetrical language competences, are compensated for by several benefits of early acquisition of two or more mother tongues and early contacts with two or more cultures.

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Bibliographic Information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data is available in the internet at Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Chłopek, Zofia, author.

Title: Early bilingualism and multilingualism : parents' and caregivers' attitudes and observations / Zofia Chłopek.

Description: Frankfurt am Main ; New York : Peter Lang, [2016] | Series: Gdansk studies in language ; Volume 6 | Includes bibliographical references and index.

Identifiers: LCCN 2016007156| ISBN 9783631667026 (Print) | ISBN 9783653062045


Subjects: LCSH: Language acquisition--Age factors. | Bilingualism in children. | Language acquisition--Parent participation. | Second language acquisition. | Language and languages--Study and teaching. | Psycholinguistics.

Classification: LCC P118.65 .C55 2016 | DDC 404/.2083--dc23 LC record available at

This publication was financially supported by the University of Wrocław.

ISSN 2196-016X ISBN 978-3-631-66702-6 (Print) E-ISBN 978-3-653-06204-5 (E-Book) DOI 10.3726/978-3-653-06204-5

© Peter Lang GmbH Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften Frankfurt am Main 2016 All rights reserved. Peter Lang Edition is an Imprint of Peter Lang GmbH.

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