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Research on Social Studies

Edited By Mehmet Ali İçbay, Hasan Arslan and Frederic Jacobs

This book is a collection of papers written by researchers, teachers, administrators, analysts and graduate students working and doing research in the field of social sciences. The topics in the book include a wide range of studies from the analysis of social science textbooks to the teachers’ image on newspapers, from the relationship between self-efficacy and cognitive level to the role of organizational silence on the academicians’ loneliness in the working life.

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High School Students’ Metaphorical Perceptions about Laboratory Concept


1. Introduction

People have always used various methods and techniques to achieve their goals since ancient times. They have developed numerous methods and techniques for the best education. One of these methods is related to laboratory studies which are quite effective in science education. Today, theoretical information taught in science courses is unfortunately not enough for students to achieve permanent learning. For this reason, the importance of laboratory studies is gradually increasing since people can remember only 10% of what they have read, 20% of what they have heard, 30% of what they have seen, 50% of what they have both seen and heard, 70% of what they have said and 90% of what they have both done and said (Çilenti & Özçelik, 1991). In other words, increasing not only the permanency of what students have learnt but also their comprehension can be possible if they learn by doing and experiencing.

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