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1st International Symposium of Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language

Edited By İsmail Güleç and Bekir Ince

This book consists of papers presented at the 1st International Symposium of Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language. The Symposium was held at Het Pand Culture and Congress Center of Ghent University in April 2015. It was presented by the Sakarya University Institute of Education Sciences and the Belgium Turkish Associations with the support of the Turkish Language Association and the Yunus Emre Institute.

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The Current Situation of Turkish Teaching in Belgium and The Problems Detected


Abstract Every year, the Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Turkey send European Economic Community (1977) directives every year in order to teach the children of our citizens Turkish and Turkish culture, especially in densely inhabited places. The purpose of this research begins after 1961 and the labor agreement signed in 1964. On this date, a high Turkish population came from the Turkey to Belgium and settled here. The aim of this research is to determine the status of Turkish teaching to their children, determine the Turkish education situation and the problems faced by teachers who came from Turkey to teach Turkish and Turkish culture. Interviews were conducted with teachers and teaching sessions were observed by researchers who also talked with the teachers according to form questions. After collecting this data, content analysis of qualitative data analysis techniques were used. İn this analysis, themes and codes were constituted which were then explained.

Keywords: Mother Tongue, Bilingualism, Belgium, Turkish and Turkish Culture Teachers

1. Introduction

Language has a complex and distinctive sound structure. The intonation and sound structure of every language on earth is different. “Language has a sequential structure formed by meaning and sound elements.” (Karadüz, 2008: 432).

The mother tongue is the most important vehicle for culture. It is a road from past to present carrying the culture which is the collection of nations. This road differentiates one nation from others and constitutes social belonging. The...

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