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International Perspectives on Destination Management and Tourist Experiences

Insights from the International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT)

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Edited By Michael Lück, Jarmo Ritalahti and Alexander Scherer

The International Competence Network of Tourism Research and Education (ICNT) covers various areas of research. ICNT’s fourth book offers insights of tourism experts with a wide range of interest and expertise on the way tourism is understood and worked in different countries around the world. The first part of this volume focuses on factors influencing the management of tourism destinations, including competition, controlling, and marketing. An in-depth view into tourist experiences is offered in the second part, with examples ranging from volcano tourism to national park and wildlife tourism, and gastronomic experiences.

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Urban Tourism in Rural Surroundings – Second Home Tourism

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1.   Introduction

Over several decades, there has been a global migration of people from rural to urban areas (Halfacree, 2007, 2012). In Norway, the government has concentrated its efforts on how to develop outlying districts in order to facilitate continued settlement and to ensure further employment opportunities. Over the past two decades, the construction of recreational second homes (henceforth abbreviated either RSH or RSHs in the plural form) in rural areas has increasingly acquired socio-economic importance.1 For one, the number of RSHs has increased by 17 % over the past 15 years. As of January 2016, that number exceeded 400,000. Where rural communities have experienced a significant growth in new homes or have had current ones remodelled or upgraded, these areas have simultaneously created new jobs or maintained existing ones. While this is seen by local politicians and the private sector as generating economic growth potential in the Norwegian countryside, few have discussed the possibility of adopting zoning measures as a technique in land-use planning – and the effects of implementing such zoning measures (Velvin, Kvikstad, Drag, & Krogh, 2013).

The rise in the standard of living in Norway and the increased emphasis on strengthening a postmodern identity are self-reinforcing trends, reflected in a need to create and re-create afresh that very same identity (Gallent, 2014; Gallent, Mace, & Tewdwr-Jones, 2005; Giddens, 1990; Norris, Paris, & Winston, 2010). In this sense, cultural identity carries added significance for those aspects of life felt ← 101 | 102...

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