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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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Aspects Regarding the Implementation of Electric Vehicles in Romania and Serbia (Dorel Dusmanescu / Jonel Subic / Marko Jelocnick)

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Dorel Dusmanescu1, Jonel Subic2 & Marko Jelocnick3

Aspects Regarding the Implementation of Electric Vehicles in Romania and Serbia

Abstract: Electric vehicles represent a category of vehicles that has been used for over 100 years. In the perspective of the depletion of the hydrocarbon deposits and in the terms of the need to reduce the volume of CO2 that is emitted in the atmosphere due to the combustion of fossil fuels in internal combustion engines, electric vehicles represent the best option due to the fact that they eliminate pollution and use an energy resource that can be obtained from renewable resources. At the moment, electric vehicles that are mostly used are the ones that are connected to a certain route on which they can circulate, a route which ensure the power supply that is required (train, subway, trolley, tramway). For independent vehicles, the research that took place for over three decades led to viable solutions, especially for cars, but they have the disadvantage of a reduced autonomy compared to classic internal combustion engines. Because of this, the wide use of electric vehicles imposes the development of the afferent infrastructure (recharging stations), in order to ensure a real independence of these vehicles, no matter what route they would be circulating. In this article, the authors are trying to establish a strategy for a long-term implementation in Romania and Serbia of electric vehicles.

Keywords: Electric vehicles, train, railway, subway, trolley, tramway

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