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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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Economic Sustainability and Green Taxes (George Enescu / Carmen Zefinescu)


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George Enescu1 & Carmen Zefinescu2

Economic Sustainability and Green Taxes

Abstract: Along with other forms of ecological behaviour, society also adopted a model whereby the one undertaking polluting activities must pay to finance certain actions to protect the environment. This protection can be done in various ways depending on the factors considered pollutants. In terms of taxation, polluter penalization is done through three types of environmental taxes: energy taxes, transportation taxes and tax on pollution and resource use. Environmental taxes analysis envisages three types of categories: energy taxes, transportation taxes and taxes on pollution and resource use. This paper aims to examine the environmental tax policy in Romania and provide ideas for the application of certain methods of analysis used until now internationally and reflects on ideas for new ways of taxation.

Keywords: Fiscal policy, energy analysis, benchmarking

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