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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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Rural Women’s Inequalities and Household Disparities (Mohammad Asaduzzaman / Shajahan Kabir / Mirjana Radović- Markovic / Radmila Grozdanic / Predrag Vukadinovic)


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Mohammad Asaduzzaman,1 Shajahan Kabir2, Mirjana Radović-Markovic3, Radmila Grozdanic4 & Predrag Vukadinovic5

Rural Women’s Inequalities and Household Disparities

Abstract: Gender inequality and its impact on the socio-economic development of rural households in Bangladesh is the subject of the research in this paper. The study was carried out in five villages of Sadar Upazilla of the Mymensingh District. Data was collected from a purposely drawn sample of 85 from 900 rural households. Main findings indicate that: disparity exists in targeted area, which on many grounds affects the development of rural households; that women had no, or low share in income/ earnings of the family; that there was no equal status of women, female were not allowed to work outside home, women were more vulnerable to poverty, women share more burden of productive and household work. From the industrial sectors it was found that the women’s participation rate was highest in domestic cleaning, child care, cooking and preparation of meals, and lowest in case of tree plantation, dairy farming, poultry rearing, etc. About 88 per cent of women contributed to their family income. The participation rate of women in many decision making processes such as marriage, education of sons and daughters, buying health care facilities, use of contraceptive and participating NGOs were very low. Gender inequality increases maternal mortality (92 per cent agree), increase fertility (88 per cent agree), increases dowries (88 per cent agree) and domestic violence (89 per cent agree). Social norms...

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