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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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Multifaceted Relations Between Bio-Economy and Biomedicine Based on Legal Anthropology and “One Health” (Andrei Kozma / Alexandru T. Bogdan / Leonard George Tobă / George Florea Tobă)

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Andrei Kozma1, Alexandru T. Bogdan2, Leonard George Tobă3 & George Florea Tobă4

Multifaceted Relations Between Bio-Economy and Biomedicine Based on Legal Anthropology and “One Health”

Abstract: Above all else, human life is priceless and therefore it should be protected, thus recognising its sacred character. Human health was defined as “a state of total physical, mental and social wellbeing, not only as the absence of disease or infirmity”, hence “every human being has the right to an environment with minimum risk to health and has the right to health services that can prevent or alleviate one’s suffering, treat diseases and help maintain and promote health throughout one’s lifetime”.

The protection of fundamental human rights and liberties, as a recipient of medical services, led to a new science, “biomedicine” which merges several disciplines in the defence and promotion process of health. “Bioethics” is defined as science that uses an interdisciplinary methodology and focuses on the systemic examination of human behaviour in the field of life and health sciences, considered in the light of their moral values and principles. Bio-economic issues are aiming to increase the efficiency of medical care through the use of modern bio-investigations and treatments based also on legal anthropology. All these arguments underpinned the development of the legislation on human rights and biomedicine, bioethics respectively.

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