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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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Underrepresentation of Women in Top Political Decisions in Post-December Romania: Causes, Conditions and Consequences (Elena Zamfir)

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Elena Zamfir1

Underrepresentation of Women in Top Political Decisions in Post-December Romania: Causes, Conditions and Consequences

Abstract: The study analyses the causes, factors and the consequences of inequality between men and women regarding their participation on top political decisions in Romania after the December Revolution 1989. The analysis of the causes that generated a quasi-total lack of women on the political scene at the beginning of the transition period will take into account the Romania specific features of this socio-economical, culturally-political and multidimensional context. It has been dominated by the principles of a noisy, fragile and unstable democracy, undergoing crystallization. This period was fulfilled more with ideological illusions, an enthusiasm associated with rapid and random /unstructured changes and less with a clear rationality of sustainable development. During the communist regime the presence of women in positions of political leadership was provided under the principle of strict quotas representation. Immediately after the Revolution, the abandonment of the quota system, has severely limited the chances of women for access to power and political, economic and social decision-making. Unfortunately, the imbalance regarding the representation of women in top political power had also a major impact upon on their representation at the top decision making in other domains of society as: economic, cultural, educational, research & science institutions.

The second part of the study highlights the main causes for which the feminist propaganda, alone, failed for 25 years to produce obvious changes in the collective...

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