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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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State and Outlook of Agriculture’s Pollution with Greenhouse Gases in Romania (Mirela-Adriana Rusali)


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Mirela-Adriana Rusali1

State and Outlook of Agriculture’s Pollution with Greenhouse Gases in Romania

Abstract: The paper aims to assess the level of pollution in Romania’s agriculture with an emphasis on emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by analyzing the structure indicators, trends and estimates projected in medium and long terms, according to the relevant policies and targets. Agriculture, the second pollutant sector of the economy, contributes to overall GHGs mainly due to emissions from the livestock sector and synthetic fertilizers use. Analysis shows potentials in ‘greening’ the economy in Romania, given the trends of massive reductions in GHGs emissions over the last two decades. It also underlines the crucial importance to reduce the statistics on polluting effects of agriculture provided by the potential expressed and growth in the Romanian forestry sector. Medium-term projections on FAO data indicate an increase of CO2 emissions, up to the year 2030, of 11.5–14.8 percent due to swine and cattle growth, while decrease of emissions by 9.7 percent coupled with a sheep & goats herds decrease by 10.7 percent. In the long term, it is forecasted a decrease in all categories of animals leading to a cumulative drop of CO2 eq. emissions from enteric fermentation of animals of 6.4 percent by the target year 2050.

Keywords: Agriculture, greenhouse gases emissions, Romania.

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