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Economic Dynamics and Sustainable Development – Resources, Factors, Structures and Policies

Proceedings ESPERA 2015 – Part 1 and Part 2

Edited By Luminita Chivu, Constantin Ciutacu, Valeriu Ioan-Franc and Jean-Vasile Andrei

The book is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Romanian Academy. It contains the most valuable 100 papers presented at the International Conference «Economic Scientific Research – Theoretical, Empirical and Practical Approaches» (ESPERA 2015). The event is initiated annually by the National Institute for Economic Research «Costin C. Kirițescu» of the Romanian Academy. ESPERA aim to present and evaluate the economic scientific research portfolio as well as to argue and substantiate development strategies, including European and global best practices. ESPERA intend to become a scientific support for the conceptualization and the establishment of policies and strategies and to provide a systematic, permanent, wide and challenging dialogue within the European area of economic and social research.

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The Smart City: An Ecosystem Built on Innovation (Maria Moldoveanu / Valeriu Ioan-Franc)


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Maria Moldoveanu & Valeriu Ioan-Franc1

The Smart City: An Ecosystem2 Built on Innovation

Abstract: In the last decades, there has been increasing interest in urban creativeness among academic researchers and among city planners and experts in economics, culture and media as well. Consequently, there has been more interest in creative cities, in modern, smart, innovative cities.

In many works dealing with such issues we find the phrase “creative and/or smart cities”, which implies that creative cities are smart as well or that creative cities are identical to the smart ones, having the same dimensions and features.

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