Show Less
Restricted access

Development of Other-Regarding Preferences in Children and Adolescents

Katrin John

Other-regarding preferences, hence appreciation of others’ welfare, are mainly culturally transmitted, whereby most of the development takes place in the sensitive period of childhood and adolescence. This work analyzes the development as well as possible influencing factors of other-regarding preferences during this period. To test the hypotheses derived from developmental and socialization aspects, the author conducts a survey measuring altruistic and cooperative preferences for German pupils. Results show that over the age span studied altruism and cooperation are increasingly important. Individual differences show none or only small relationship with measures of other-regarding preferences while differences in school environments are similarly important to age differences.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

4 Results of the Empirical Analysis of Other-Regarding Preferences

Extract



This chapter presents general results regarding the research aim. Starting with a description of the sample characteristics and an assessment of its external validity, subsequently outcomes of the experimental games are evaluated overall. Then, the analysis of the hypothesized influences on the development of other-regarding preferences follows.

4.1 Description of Sample Background

As already presented in Table 3.1, data is collected for 1,072 pupils. Descriptive statistics of pupils background is summarized in Table 4.1 below. Pupils are on average 13 years old. While the age of the vast majority of more than 98% of the pupils ranges between 10 and 17 years, a few (0.5%) are 9 years old and another few (1.1% and 0.1%) are 18 and 19 years old. These deviations arise due to earlier or later school enrollment as well as grade retention. About 30% of all pupils are in grade 5, another 30% in grade 7 and around 26% are in grade 9. The remaining 13% are grade 11 pupils. Since only four out of six schools have grade 11, there is no uniform distribution among the four age groups. 48,3% are girls.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.