Show Less
Restricted access

Monolingualism – Bilingualism – Multilingualism

The Teacher's Perspective

Series:

Hanna Komorowska and Jarosław Krajka

The book brings together sociolinguistic, neurolinguistic, and educational perspectives on language acquisition and learning in the classroom and at home. First and second language acquisition studies, classroom research findings, Polish, European and international legislation, as well as statistical reports on foreign language learning and teaching show how learners proceed from monolingual to bilingual or plurilingual competence. The book provides an overview of the major issues in the field from the teacher’s perspective, equipping teachers with theoretical underpinnings related to language education, and inviting reflection on individual choices in promoting bi- and multilingualism.

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

2. Language – the neurobiological perspective

Extract

2. Language – the neurobiological perspective

2.1. The birth of language – language and evolution

Speech gives us valuable information about the functioning of our brain. Although we have other powerful sources of information, such as Positron Emission Tomography (PET) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), speech remains an important window into brain physiology and brain pathology.

Speech is a product of evolution and develops over the course of evolutional changes consisting of the mutation in genetic coding due to selective pressure (Deacon 1997, Marcus 2008). The genotype, the genetic makeup of the nerve cells, engages in interaction with the environment and produces a phenotype, i.e. the group of individual traits of a living organism.

In the animal world, the young have a higher chance of survival if information about the availability of food and about imminent danger reaches them soon enough. As mothers are most often the main sources of this kind of information, the children of better female communicators stand a higher chance of survival.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.