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Self and Other in Dialogue

Romance Studies on Discourse and Interaction

Edited By Johan Gille and Coco Norén

This volume contains a collection of papers which deal with Romance linguistics from the perspective of discourse and interaction. Some contributions cover areas such as spoken corpora, speech and linguistic description, and phonetic aspects of speech. Others focus on multimodality, pragmatics, and conversation and discourse, and there are also contributions which deal with speech and sociolinguistics, and speech in multilingualism/bilingualism. This volume is multilingual, containing as it does contributions written in English, French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish.

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Fréquence et variation positionnelle de l’adjectif epithète en differents genres discursifs du français parlé (Mats Forsgren)

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Mats Forsgren

mats.forsgren@fraita.su.se

Fréquence et variation positionnelle de l’adjectif epithète en différents genres discursifs du français parlé

Abstract

This paper deals with the classic problem regarding position of the attributive adjective in French, with a focus on samples of three discourse varieties of modern spoken language. The overall quantitative information supported by numerous studies of written discourse (journalistic or literary) – roughly 65% postposed vs 35% preposed attributive adjective ‒ is here refined by correlating the findings with discourse type and register, parameters that are found to be more relevant than channel (written vs spoken).    After reviewing important findings from Benzitoun (2013 and forthcoming), the paper first presents global lexicometric data on attributive as well as predicative adjectives in the three corpus samples – at token as well as at type level ‒, before concentrating on lemma and frequence specifications of adjectives in attributive function.    The study concludes that adjectives in general – attributive or predicative – is found to be a lot more frequent in television news than in discourse genres like debates/talk shows or informal conversations.    Adjectives alternating their position occur mainly in the television news discourse type, while being extremely scarce in the two other genres. Television news also shows a massive majority of attributive adjectives occurring only in postposition. This discourse type also possesses the broadest variety of adjectives occurring only in preposition. In short and as expected, this spoken variety appears more related to...

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