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Witkacy. Logos and the Elements

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Edited By Teresa Pękala

This book focuses on Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, philosopher and controversial artist. It expresses the opinions of philosophers, museologists and artists, for whom Stanisław Ignacy Witkacy’s 130th birthday anniversary became an opportunity to view his works from the perspective of postmodernity. The authors concentrate on Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz as eminent and prophetic philosopher concerned about Western culture with its waning metaphysical feelings, master of gesture and poses, anticipating the postmodern theatricalization of life.

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In the Metaphysical Illusions (Andrzej Ostrowski)

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Andrzej Ostrowski

In the Metaphysical Illusions

Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy), in the Dodatek do krytyki krytyki Whiteheada przez Metallmanna (A Supplement to the Criticism of Criticism of Whitehead by Metallmann) titled Próba dowodu niemożności przyjęcia solipsyzmu i radykalnego idealizmu ontologicznego (An Attempt to Prove the Impossibility of Accepting Solipsism and Radical Ontological Realism) (Cf. Witkiewicz, 2014; 459–476) engages in a multi-level dispute with solipsism, and, in the broad sense, also with idealism. One of the themes of the dispute is the issue of the content of thoughts (mental content) of the cognitive subject. Witkacy is interested in the problem in a special way in the context of the relationship that occurs between the cognitive subject and the content of his thoughts. Out of the two kinds of solipsism that he distinguishes (pure-spiritual [the self]-pointlike [=non-spatial] solipsism, and spiritual [=the self]-corporeal solipsism), he focuses first of all on pure-spiritual-pointlike solipsism because he regards it as consistent, radical and logically irrefutable, devoid of “purely logical contradiction” (Cf. Witkiewicz, 2014; 460).

The object of the author’s discussion is the problem of the content of the cognitive subject’s thoughts, analyzed in the context of the relation that occurs between the cognitive subject, conceived as a pure-spiritual-pointlike being, and the content of its thoughts. The purpose of the discussion is to draw attention to the consequences of Witkacy’s arguments and the answer to the question about their efficacy...

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