This book focuses on Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, philosopher and controversial artist. It expresses the opinions of philosophers, museologists and artists, for whom Stanisław Ignacy Witkacy’s 130th birthday anniversary became an opportunity to view his works from the perspective of postmodernity. The authors concentrate on Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz as eminent and prophetic philosopher concerned about Western culture with its waning metaphysical feelings, master of gesture and poses, anticipating the postmodern theatricalization of life.
Witkacy’s Connections with Architecture (Zbigniew Moździerz)
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Witkacy’s Connections with Architecture
The Zakopane Style creator’s son
Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz was born on February 24, 1885 in Warsaw. His father was Stanisław Witkiewicz, an already well-known painter, art critic and columnist (Piasecki, 1983; Olszaniecka, 1984). He was the one who came up with the Tatra-inspired idea of the national Polish style, promoted as Zakopane Style. Studying in Petersburg (1868–1872) and then in Munich (1872–1875), he witnessed the creation of national styles (the Russian style and Heimatstil), both inspired by traditional art and architecture. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, similar attempts were also made in Scandinavia, France, the Kingdom of Bohemia, Hungary, and Austria. Stanisław Witkiewicz first saw a Podhale [Polish Highlands, or the Sub-Tatras] cottage in 1886, when he arrived in Zakopane at the invitation of his Warsaw friends, Maria and Bronisław Dembowski1. Almost immediately after his return to Warsaw, Witkiewicz started to promote the idea of a national style which was to be based on the elements of the architecture that was, he claimed, “as old as Poland itself” (Moździerz, 2003; 11–100; Moździerz, 2013; 161–171). The first Zakopane-Style house, the Koliba villa, was built to Witkiewicz’s design between 1892 and 1893, and in subsequent years other houses followed: the Pepita villa (1893), the Korwinówka villa (1895–1896), the Zofiówka villa (1895–1896) and the Pod Jedlami villa (1896–1897) (Moździerz,...
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