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Digitalization and Society

Edited By Bünyamin Ayhan

This book presents a collection of papers by researchers from several different institutions on a wide range of digital issues.

Digitalization describes the phenomenon of how knowledge is processed and the processed knowledge provides social transformations beyond digitization, interaction, annihilation of time and space, the phenomenon of usage in multimedia. Transformed is not only the society but also its mentality. Digitalization reveals a sui generis digimodern process by processing modern structures with the help of compulsory tools. This process is a reconstruction of social structures and institutions on the basis of the digitalization perspective. Each social institution adapts this process and provides a contribution to the digitalization of society.

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Digitalization and Religion (Mehmet Akgül)

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Prof. Mehmet Akgül*

Digitalization and Religion

Introduction

The development of communication technology and its interaction with religion has a controversial and conflicting history. Considering the speed and present level of communication technology’s historical development, we can say that there is a media problem that is far more important than our estimation. One can say that, for the last two centuries, there has been a worldwide revolution in the means of information production and transmittance. The impact of the media, displaying a slow progress, in the beginning, has nowadays gained tremendous momentum through its own particular dynamics. Printing technology, which the Western world surprisingly came to know about as early as the beginning of the sixteenth century, has reached different dimensions with the invention of the telegraph, radio, television, video recording devices, and finally with the rise of new electronic media or communication technology such as the Internet. Thus there has been a transformation into full-fledged mass media that has the effect and power of almost instantly reshaping social life (Akgül, 2008: 40).

The invention of printing technology has been considered as a turning point in reference to the speed of technological development and transformation process, to the extent that history is divided into the ‘pre-print’ and the ‘post-print’ eras. When the radio was invented in the following centuries, the division of ‘the pre-Marconi’ and ‘the post-Marconi’ periods arose (Matelski & Liynch, 1997: xi). To distinguish present time...

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