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Digitalization and Society

Edited By Bünyamin Ayhan

This book presents a collection of papers by researchers from several different institutions on a wide range of digital issues.

Digitalization describes the phenomenon of how knowledge is processed and the processed knowledge provides social transformations beyond digitization, interaction, annihilation of time and space, the phenomenon of usage in multimedia. Transformed is not only the society but also its mentality. Digitalization reveals a sui generis digimodern process by processing modern structures with the help of compulsory tools. This process is a reconstruction of social structures and institutions on the basis of the digitalization perspective. Each social institution adapts this process and provides a contribution to the digitalization of society.

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Digital Politics (Hasret Aktaş)

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Assoc. Prof. Hasret Aktaş*

Digital Politics

Introduction

Early on the Internet started to become popular; the points of views and perception styles towards it took different forms. This new and different communication tool had difficulties in its birth like all other communication tools and it was considered from positive and negative perspectives. This difference caused different ideas which are related to the effect of the Internet on the political field. It is an inevitable truth that this subject has aroused the interest of academics. For this reason, in a short time, research studies began to be conducted to investigate the innovations that the Internet could bring and the opportunities that it could bring to the political field. Firstly, with skeptical approaches, later with the positive perspective that we may consider, the Internet has become a part of our life, and is considered in different forms.

With the Internet being used and becoming popular, two basic perceptions or basic approaches have emerged for political communication. One of them is an approach that is based on ‘citizen’ fact, while the one is an assessment that deals with it in terms of a ‘political actor’ (Strandberg, 2006: 10).

Citizen Aspect

The approach that is based on citizen fact is evaluated within the frame of two different and contrary theories. The first approach is ‘reinforcement’ and the other one is ‘mobilization’. Reinforcement and mobilization deal with theories about the...

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