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Events and Narratives in Language


Janusz Badio

This book analyzes events and narratives from the points of view of literature, grammar, discourse, and semantics. The contributors explore the issues related to the ways of portraying stories and their events within a cultural and literary framework. They also examine the role of prefixes in construing events and asymmetries that exist in time-creating event markers from a contrastive perspective. The contributions focus on narrativity as a semantic category, and on how events are described in signed languages. They place the event and narrative categories at the center of interest and their specific goals are pursued by applying different, both qualitative and quantitative, research methods.

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Cognitive-cultural Aspects of Narrative Empathy (Katarzyna Stadnik)


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Katarzyna Stadnik

Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Poland

Cognitive-cultural Aspects of Narrative Empathy

Abstract: The paper adopts a grounded view of human cognition, subscribing to the idea that language is a derivative of the human mind in context. This allows us to give priority to the study of the cognitive-cultural foundations of linguistic usage. Since we view spatial thought as lending support to social thought, we investigate the construction of space-time in a literary narrative. This entails the exploration of figure/ ground organisation of the conceptual content in the literary narrative under analysis. Given the socio-cultural character of a narrative as a cognitive tool facilitating cultural transmission, we address empathy, viewed as perspective adoption during narrative comprehension. Narrative empathy is used as an umbrella term that helps us converge various strains of research into cultural transmission that concern the question of how community members share and negotiate their system of beliefs, social norms, and values. Selected goals of human narrative activity are discussed to account for the way the language user’s sociocultural situatedness influences the representation of such abstract notions in narrative.

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