This book analyzes events and narratives from the points of view of literature, grammar, discourse, and semantics. The contributors explore the issues related to the ways of portraying stories and their events within a cultural and literary framework. They also examine the role of prefixes in construing events and asymmetries that exist in time-creating event markers from a contrastive perspective. The contributions focus on narrativity as a semantic category, and on how events are described in signed languages. They place the event and narrative categories at the center of interest and their specific goals are pursued by applying different, both qualitative and quantitative, research methods.
Asymmetries in Time-Creating Event Markers in a Contrastive Perspective (Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk)
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State University of Applied Sciences in Konin, University of Lódź
Asymmetries in Time-Creating Event Markers in a Contrastive Perspective
Abstract: It is argued in the present paper that time is an emergent property resulting from processes of conceptual integration. The main focus of the paper is to look into one category of Event-Linking Devices (ELDes), the concepts of przed ‘before’ and po ‘after’ clusters in Polish and English, and their semantic functions of precedence/succession, priority/posteriority, and others in discourse. The focal research questions refer to the uncovering of paths which account for coherence of event integration and linking exemplified by the analysis of Pol. przed and Eng. before and adjacent cluster members, juxtaposed to the cognitive afterness (Pol. po – Eng. after). It is argued that both before and after senses, although not semantically symmetric, are associated with scales of meanings with numerous semantic extensions which involve either event chains (coordination) or event hierarchies (subordination). The asymmetries between the markers on the levels of logic, veridity and conceptualization are strengthened by resorting to their corpus distributions as well as cognitive construal properties and the mapping within the time-space and other – force dynamic - conceptualization domains.
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