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The Identity of Metaphor – The Metaphor of Identity

Discourse and Portrait

Daniela Moldoveanu

The book sets out identity of metaphor in the literary discourse from a comparative perspective and links it with the ontological metaphor of identity. The author analyses both American and Romanian texts such as Lucian Blaga’s lyrosophical hermeneutics, Ileana Mălăncioiu, Mariana Marin and Sylvia Plath’s lyrical tirades, and Max Blecher’s poetic novels. She points out that ipseity is a trace of the postmodern bivalent condition that uses the vivid metaphor mechanism to describe its ontological lability as strength.

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I. The Identity of Metaphor. Case Study: The Philosophical Discourse


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I.   The Identity of Metaphor. Case Study: The Philosophical Discourse

1.1   The autonomy of metaphor: cognition and method in Lucian Blaga’s philosophical discourse

Lucian Blaga’s theory of the “genesis of metaphor” opens new horizons in “the research and coherent conceptualization of the vast area […] of metaphorology”, as Mircea Borcilă (1996, p. 28) and many of the Romanian philosopher’s critics emphasize, representing per se one of the strengths of Blaga’s philosophy in that it connects the language sphere with the spiritual creation sphere from a nuclear perspective. Further undertakings in this respect – which, if he didn’t directly influence, we can at least say he preceded – support the validity of Blaga’s intuition. We herein mention Eugen Coşeriu (1999) who assigns to the metaphorical phenomenon neither more nor less than the “fundamental nature of creation inherent to the cognitive essence of language”, and Gilbert Durand who considers the “fantastic function” as “the primary function of the spirit” which “takes part in the development of the theoretical consciousness”, “the imaginary” thereby appearing as “a mark of ontological vocation” (Ionescu 2000, p. 441). His view also coincides with Hans Blumenberg’s (2010) regarding the existence of “absolute metaphors” which cannot be and won’t be reduced to and translated into concepts.

If according to the Romanian philosopher plasticizing metaphor translates at the poetic level as release of expression essence, enhancement of expressiveness and realization of abstractions, in the spiritual and ontological sphere the impetus to metaphorize...

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