Edited By Elżbieta Czarny, Andżelika Kuźnar and Jerzy Menkes
This book gathers Polish and foreign scholars to consider diverse aspects of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). It examines key general areas such as the improvement of the position of the negotiating parties in the world economy, in politics and in international organisations. The contributors analyze possible acceleration of non-discriminatory liberalisation negotiations, creation of new international standards or reducing regulatory differences, such as «Investor-state dispute settlement» (ISDS), public health, geographical indications. The contributions focus also on specific issues, such as the impact of TTIP on Polish and EU economy, on merchandise and services trade, energy supply, research and development, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), or on the third parties.
“Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus1”—this sentence, when taken for granted, points to the supposed fundamental nature and essence of the differences between the sexes. At the same time, it indicates that the source and core of these differences lies in the culture, because the natural differences are recognized as la petite différence. What makes women and men destined for each other is nature, and it is nature that forces relationships. “Americans are from Mars, Europeans are from Venus”2—here as well, the essence of the differences lies in culture. But nature does not force a relationship between these different “species”. The Atlantic is a reality and, regardless of universal cohesion and globalisation, Americans and Europeans are not “doomed” by nature to form a relationship. The size of the socio-politico-economic gap between them depends solely on their political decisions. The security community—NATO—was to make (and has made) war between Germany and the rest of the West impossible. At the same time, this community was not meant to create anything new inside the old West, that is, among the Allies of World War I and II. The aim was to maintain ties and to prevent neo-isolationism.
The 21st century has resulted in an unprecedented expansion of the transatlantic space to include new countries. There was significant multi-dimensional convergence within both Europe and the framework of the transatlantic community. At the same time, these processes have been accompanied by a deepening...
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