Edited By Elżbieta Czarny, Andżelika Kuźnar and Jerzy Menkes
This book gathers Polish and foreign scholars to consider diverse aspects of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). It examines key general areas such as the improvement of the position of the negotiating parties in the world economy, in politics and in international organisations. The contributors analyze possible acceleration of non-discriminatory liberalisation negotiations, creation of new international standards or reducing regulatory differences, such as «Investor-state dispute settlement» (ISDS), public health, geographical indications. The contributions focus also on specific issues, such as the impact of TTIP on Polish and EU economy, on merchandise and services trade, energy supply, research and development, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), or on the third parties.
Chapter 8. Liberalization of trade flows under the TTIP from a small country perspective. The case of Poland
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership is a free trade agreement between the European Union and the United States. The initiative of the TTIP seems to be one of the proliferating trade agreements that the EU has been negotiating in the recent years with other developed (e.g. Canada, Japan and Singapore) and developing countries (ACP, MENA and the CEEC) as a result of the stall in the multilateral negotiations of the Doha round of the WTO.
The TTIP is a broad economic agreement. It covers trade, investment and government procurement facilitation. As far as international trade is concerned, apart from elimination of most of the overall low bilateral tariffs (except some tariff peaks in the agricultural trade), the focus of the agreement is on reduction in the non-tariff barriers both in merchandise trade and in services. This includes regulatory cooperation, in the form of review of existing rules and increased mutual regulation and standards recognitions, while cooperating on joint elaboration of newly introduced technical and safety regulations. Separate chapters of the negotiated agreements will be devoted to technical barriers to trade (TBT) and sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS). Some sectors require sector-specific chapters and these include inter alia chemicals, pharmaceuticals and motor vehicles where the national regulations are usually the most frequent. The agricultural sector is believed to be one of the most difficult chapters due to protectionist SPS measures.
The public debate in Poland and other European countries has been dominated by the...
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