Edited By Elżbieta Czarny, Andżelika Kuźnar and Jerzy Menkes
This book gathers Polish and foreign scholars to consider diverse aspects of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). It examines key general areas such as the improvement of the position of the negotiating parties in the world economy, in politics and in international organisations. The contributors analyze possible acceleration of non-discriminatory liberalisation negotiations, creation of new international standards or reducing regulatory differences, such as «Investor-state dispute settlement» (ISDS), public health, geographical indications. The contributions focus also on specific issues, such as the impact of TTIP on Polish and EU economy, on merchandise and services trade, energy supply, research and development, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), or on the third parties.
Chapter 12. Energy in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership – the Domestic Perspective
Energy became one of the most fiercely discussed topics in TTIP negotiations. Much of the ongoing discussion about energy issues in the TTIP focuses either on the conditions for gains in liberalized energy trade at the regional level, or on the way the topic will be dealt with in the agreement. There are several interesting standpoints analyzing this issue among which particularly worth mentioning are the efforts of Benes (2015) and Natali, Egenhofer, Molnar (2015).
Due to the regional nature of this bilateral agreement, conditions for possible gains are depicted on an aggregated level. Conversely, this chapter focuses on the perspective of a single EU member state – Poland. The analysis includes Polish determinants for possible gains from the standpoint of the primary energy mix. Such a study allows identifying possible areas of benefits – in terms of demand and supply – for Poland in the future. Forecasts referring to the future energy consumption trends in Poland come from the analysis supporting draft of the Polish Energy Policy 2050. The analysis concentrates only on the raw materials perspective as possible trade in energy technologies seems to require deeper research on an industry/company level. The quantitative data used in the study come from the BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2015, whereas the qualitative data come from the renowned Polish academia centres.
1. The primary energy mix
Polish energy situation stems from its primary energy mix. Primary energy – in keeping with the terminology of the International...
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