Selected Papers of the CETRA Research Summer School 2014
This volume collects selected papers written by young translation scholars who were CETRA 2014 participants. This book analyses the heterogeneity of translational norms, diversity of cultures and the challenges of intercultural transfer. The authors analyze a wide array of source texts, from the translations of contemporary prose and audiovisual products into Brazilian, Japanese and Swedish, to renderings of texts more distant in time, such as the Bible and «Golestân» written in medieval Persian. The book also concentrates on selected meta-level issues, such as the integrity of the discipline and its language, as well as the development of translation competence. The norm-focused and culture-related framework offers considerable research potential for Translation Studies.
Women’s language as a norm in Japanese translation (Hiroko Furukawa)
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Hiroko FurukawaTohoku Gakuin University, Japan
Women’s language as a norm in Japanese translation
Abstract: This paper aims to present an overview of an on-going research project, and intends to answer chiefly these two questions: (1) how female characters are represented in Japanese translation across various genres and (2) whether language in Japanese translations of fiction is more feminized than that in other Japanese cultural mediums. From the empirical analyses focused on the first research question, the three following conclusions were drawn: (1) female speech in Japanese translation is overly feminized compared to real women’s language use, (2) male translators are more likely to over-feminize female characters’ speech and (3) the tendency of over-feminizing has been seen in the past sixty years.
Keywords: Japanese translation, gender, norm, ideology, femininity, women’s language, sentence-final particles, sexuality
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