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Information Society and its Manifestations: Economy, Politics, Culture

Edited By Borut Rončević and Matevž Tomšić

The book provides a compilation of idiosyncratic manifestations of information society in techno-economic, political and cultural spheres. The contributors focus on the increasing complexity within information societies. To manage this complexity, societies develop constantly evolving context-specific modes of meta-governance. The contributions allow a better understanding of well-known conceptualizations and definitions of information society and related concepts such as post-industrial society, post-modernity, as well as network society, and knowledge society.

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Information Resources in Upgrading Organizational Rationality (Nikolai Genov)


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Nikolai GenovSchool of Advanced Social Studies in Nova GoricaGregorčičeva 19, 5000 Nova Gorica,

Information Resources in Upgrading Organizational Rationality

Abstract: Max Weber interpreted the achievements of Western Europe as intrinsically related to accelerated social rationalization. He identified the core of the process in the purposeful collection and practical use of precisely tested and systematically organized information (knowledge). George Ritzer developed and applied these ideas in his analysis of modern society by focusing on the efficiency, calculability, predictability and control determining the success of the McDonalds fast food restaurants. However, Ritzer falsely presented Weber’s ideas as theory while Weber aimed at developing sensitizing concepts for the understanding of a specific historical situation. Ritzer’s stress on the achievements of rationalization understood as McDonaldization neglects the pioneering innovations in assembly lines copied in the fast food restaurants. He underestimates their tendency of McDonaldization towards organizational stagnation while the major task of the current strategies of organizational rationalization is change management. The discussion opens the vista to new conceptualizations of rationality types. They are related to stages in problem-solving activities leading to the upgrading of the rationality of organizations. The pairs of rationality types elaborated in the article include the systemic and sub-systemic, individual and collective, ultimate and instrumental, of the process and of the results, short-term and long-term rationalities. The “hidden agenda” of the analysis is the linking of each of these types of bounded rationality to deviations from rationality (irrationalities)...

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