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Contemporary Approaches in Education and Communication

Edited By Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Içbay, Alejandro J. Gallard and S. Lizette Ramos

This book presents a collection of papers written by researchers, teachers, administrators, analysts and graduate students working and doing research in the field of social sciences. The scientific studies include a wide range of topics from the analysis of social science textbooks to the teacher image in newspapers, the relationship between self-efficacy and cognitive level and the role of organizational silence on the loneliness of academics in work life.

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An Investigation of the Relationship Between Peer Relationships and Peer Bullying in Adolescents (Utku Beyazıt / Şükran Şimşek / Aynur Bütün Ayhan)

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Utku Beyazıt, Şükran Şimşek and Aynur Bütün Ayhan

An Investigation of the Relationship Between Peer Relationships and Peer Bullying in Adolescents

Introduction

Children who differ somewhat in age are considered as peers as long as they can adjust their behaviours to suit one another’s capabilities as they have common goals or interests (Shaffer & Kipp, 2014). Peer relationships are argued to become increasingly important in adolescents’ overall development and well-being (Oberle & Schonert-Reichl, 2013). Peer relationships help adolescents to develop social skills, try new activities, and provide them with lots of support and encouragement. For adolescents, being popular among peers is argued to be a significant motivator of social development as they depend more on friends than they do on parents to meet their needs of intimacy and companionship. By adolescence, teenagers spend more time with peers than with parents and siblings (Bütün Ayhan et. al, 2010; Kulaksızoğlu, 2013; Santrock, 2014). It is suggested that adolescents who are popular at school and accepted by their peers are socially more well adjusted and are more successful than those who are rejected by their peers. In a study conducted by Oberle and Schonert-Reichl (2013), it was found that peer acceptance is an important indicator of social functioning.

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