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English versus Slavic

Lexicon in a Morphological and Semantic Perspective

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Edited By Ewa Konieczna and Robert Kiełtyka

This book offers a collection of papers pertaining to the most thought-provoking problems in the areas of theoretical and contrastive linguistics. The contributions are devoted to current developments in morphological and semantic theorizing. The contrastive analyses conducted by the authors examine the structure of English and selected Slavic languages.

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Polish versus English Metonymy-based Synonyms of Prostitute (Bożena Duda)

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Bożena Duda

Polish versus English Metonymy-based Synonyms of Prostitute

Abstract: It has long been acknowledged that our conceptualization patterns are, to a large extent, reflected on a linguistic level, and metonymic patterns are by all means part and parcel of such everyday thinking observable through language. The primary focus of the analysis to be conducted in this paper is placed on innumerable plausible linguistic realisations of metonymic mappings in the formation of synonyms of prostitute in two typologically unrelated languages, namely English and Polish. In particular, we shall analyse the metonymic mappings within the ontological realm of prostitution with the use of the idealized cognitive model (ICM) theory as understood by Lakoff (1987), and as elaborated on by Kövecses (2006). It needs to be stressed that while metonymic patterns may be universal across time, their linguistic realisations may undergo alterations as a result of the changing reality, be it sociological, cultural or technological. Here, we shall focus on the types of metonymic patterns observable in the conceptualisation of prostitute in English and Polish with a view to establishing similarities and differences between the two cultures and languages.

Key words: metonymy, idealised cognitive models (ICMs), contrastive analysis, synonyms of prostitute, euphemisation

1. Introduction

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