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English versus Slavic

Lexicon in a Morphological and Semantic Perspective

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Edited By Ewa Konieczna and Robert Kiełtyka

This book offers a collection of papers pertaining to the most thought-provoking problems in the areas of theoretical and contrastive linguistics. The contributions are devoted to current developments in morphological and semantic theorizing. The contrastive analyses conducted by the authors examine the structure of English and selected Slavic languages.

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Extensions of Spatial Relations to Non-physical Domains: English Particle on and Polish Prefix na- in Composite Verbs (Ewa Konieczna)

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Ewa Konieczna

Extensions of Spatial Relations to Non-physical Domains: English Particle on and Polish Prefix na- in Composite Verbs

Abstract: The purpose ascribed to this paper is to discuss meaning extensions of the English particle on and its Polish counterpart, prefix na- in composite verbs within the framework of the principled polysemy model (Tyler and Evans 2003). The perspective adopted here is that all prepositional and prefixal senses are grounded in embodied experience. The prototypical meaning is represented by means of the proto-scene while other senses both spatial and non-spatial ones are derived by general cognitive mechanisms, such as real world force dynamics, shift in vantage point and experiential correlation.

Key words: polysemy, experiential correlation, pragmatic strengthening, proto-scene, embodiment

1. Introduction

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