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The United States Immigration Policy and Immigrants’ Responses

Past and Present


Edited By Agnieszka Malek and Dorota Praszalowicz

The contributions in this book focus on U.S. migration policies, receiving society, ethnic communities and return migration. The authors analyze various aspects of migratory history ranging from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century. They cover such topics as the times when Eastern European immigrants in the USA encountered hostility and marginalization, the efforts to create American Polonia military formations during the WWI, the problem of ethnic mobilization among Ukrainian political migrants in the U.S. as well as how state policies influence the movement of people. All the contributions are extended and revised versions of the papers presented at the 7th Workshop American Ethnicity and Ethnic Community Building.

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The Polonia Army That Never Was, 1914 (M. B. B. Biskupski)


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M. B. B. Biskupski

The Polonia Army That Never Was, 1914

Abstract: In August, 1914, one of the leading figures of Polonia, swore he could put 100,000 American Poles – at the least – onto the Western Front and send them at batches of 20,000. “We stand as one man, and it will be the Polish Army.” In 1914 a series of very small training centers were opened up throughout the eastern and mid- western United States; all intending to supply troops. What exactly could be done was another question.

Keywords: Polish diaspora, I World War, army

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