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Radicalism and Terrorism in the 21st Century

Implications for Security


Anna Sroka, Fanny Castro-Rial Garrone and Rubén Darío Torres Kumbrián

This book addresses the issues of radicalism and terrorism, which are of exceptional importance and relevance in contemporary society. Each of the two phenomena are analyzed from a multidisciplinary perspective. The book contains articles which explore legal, political, psychological, economic and social aspects of radicalism and terrorism. A portion of the contributions are of a theoretical nature, they constitute an attempt at constructing analytical frameworks for studies on the two phenomena. There are also studies of particular cases, such as radicalism in Poland and in Spain, as well as within the European Union as a whole. This collective work is a response to the need for analyses of two issues which are increasingly responsible for determining the level of security which characterizes the contemporary world.

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Islamic State – Disputed Statehood (Anna Potyrała)


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Anna Potyrała

Islamic State – Disputed Statehood

1. Introduction

In June 2014, a terrorist group calling itself “Islamic State” proclaimed itself as a caliphate. After seizing large territories of Syria and Iraq, establishing a basis of administration and gaining control over the population inhabiting captured areas, the group announced a state governed in accordance with the Islamic law by a caliph. Reactions of the international community members were easy to predict. In official declarations, states, as well as international organizations, notified their refusal to recognize statehood of the new entity. Nevertheless, a real problem has been faced: how to deal with an entity engaged in terrorist activities, and therefore posing a real threat to international peace and security, but at the same time claiming to be a sovereign, independent state? Are these claims in accordance with international law if the entity has violated principles of territorial integrity, sovereign equality and inviolability of borders – all these of a ius cogens character? The aim of the analysis is to verify the hypothesis according to which, in case of the so-called Islamic State’s proclamation of caliphate, the entity established cannot be treated as a state, as it has no legal personality in international law and, accordingly, is not a recognized member of the international community. For this reason, the international law criteria concerning statehood will be analyzed in light of the determinants of statehood formulated in international practice. Consequently, reasons against the IS statehood...

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