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Serialität in der italienischen Kultur

Serialità nella cultura italiana

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Robert Fajen

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Maschere regionali nella commedia all’italiana: Un’analisi sociolinguistica

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Anna Grochowska-Reiter

Maschere regionali nella commedia all’italiana

Un’analisi sociolinguistica

Abstract: Regional protagonists have featured Italian artistic representations for centuries. Inspired by the Roman theatre, they became part of the Italian tradition, growing in strength and winning audiences at the time of the Renaissance theatre, and later, in the commedia dell’arte with its well-known masks. In cinema, this tendency was mainly visible in comedy Italian style (commedia all’italiana). Regional masks combine two perspectives in the commedia all’italiana: character traits and sociolinguistic patterns. The former serves to develop distinctive character traits of the protagonist and to reflect on the tradition and stereotypes present in the social community. The latter focuses on the use of dialectal forms. Far from being a random mixture, the elements are chosen consciously to create a character-mask which would employ certain regional linguistic traits. As such, the mask is immediately recognized by the audience and reawakens a series of connotations related to the regional origin of the character, supporting its characterisation and producing the comic effect.

Keywords: Italian Style ComedyCommedia dell’arteItalian DialectsItalian Economic Miracle

1 Introduzione

Sin dall’antichità la maschera – il volto finto – accompagna la vita dell’uomo, assolvendo un ampio ventaglio di funzioni, che variano a seconda dell’epoca storica e della configurazione culturale: celare la propria identità, incutere paura nel nemico, proteggere il volto in battaglia o preservare il defunto dalla distruzione del suo aspetto fisico ne sono solamente alcune. La maschera fa suo anche il...

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