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Understanding Politics

Theory, Procedures, Narratives


Tadeusz Klementewicz

This book analyses how contemporary political science can develop as a structure of knowledge gathered by the individual sub-disciplines of political studies, as well as the remaining disciplines of social sciences. It helps to get a fuller understanding of political phenomena and to reconstruct the process of emergence of the global civilisation. The author reflects about the current state of research conducted by political scientists. The research is conducted within a few major research paradigms. This work presents a strategy of integrating knowledge about man and society.

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Chapter 1: Perception Boundaries of Political Science – in Search of the Research Strategy


Chapter 1

Perception Boundaries of Political Science – in Search of the Research Strategy

1.1. Detailed Methodology as a Research Perspective

The science of politics, when not an add-on to politics, is a source of descriptive and theoretical knowledge on the political life of all contemporary and past societies. It seeks to understand the political existence of communities applying humanistic interpretation and causal explanations. In his cognitive activities, the political scientist is guided, as if by a compass, by the theory, which usually takes on the form of ‘tacit knowledge’.

Descriptive/diagnostice and theoretical knowledge on the world of politics are useful in practice as well. The expertise offered by a political scientist has, however, a greater heuristic than instrumental value. Often it merely represents training in political thinking, i.e. a cognizant, non-pedestrian reflection on politics. In other words, the practical and prognostic function of political science essentially lies in its ability to pass on the rules of political action, leaving practical conclusions to those who wish to draw them. The science of politics is a research and didactic field in which those who study it are subject to certain methodological rules, in their cognitive activities which lead to generating knowledge on the political reality. In the description of these activities, we are above all interested in cognitive actions and their outcome – statements and theories. However, the institutional context, namely research and didactic establishments that focus on gathering knowledge and conveying it to adepts,...

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