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Understanding Politics

Theory, Procedures, Narratives

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Tadeusz Klementewicz

This book analyses how contemporary political science can develop as a structure of knowledge gathered by the individual sub-disciplines of political studies, as well as the remaining disciplines of social sciences. It helps to get a fuller understanding of political phenomena and to reconstruct the process of emergence of the global civilisation. The author reflects about the current state of research conducted by political scientists. The research is conducted within a few major research paradigms. This work presents a strategy of integrating knowledge about man and society.

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Chapter 2: Paradigms of Research on Political Science: Heuristic and Factual Foundations of a Political Scientist

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Chapter 2

Paradigms of Research on Political Science: Heuristic and Factual Foundations of a Political Scientist

While the world faces enormous challenges, the political science delouses ‘the political’ in the recesses of social life, seeking its essence along paths which began in obsessions of various conservative thinkers. It is nothing short of a problem disfigurations done in the hope that the eventual discovery of the essence of the mythical ‘political’ will solve the crisis of its identity, fading academic prestige and social importance. Analyses of the state functions fail to exhaust the issues contributed to the list of research questions by prominent researchers, such as: Carl Schmitt with the matter of the authority to declare a ‘state of emergency’, Michael Foucault and Giorgio Agamben with the issues of biopower or Pierre Bourdieu with the problem of symbolic violence. These perspectives have broadened our perception of politics. It is now easier to concur that a sovereign state is not only a legal and political apparatus or a disciplinary system but also a mass violence machine that can be controlled by will power (E. Traverso). Political philosophers with the support of political scientists have also extended the scope of politics adding a few areas. They have noticed, for example, that ‘politics in the new modernity’ also involves an irresolvable confrontation of various hegemonic projects amongst experts, politicians, entrepreneurs and citizens (Ch. Mouffe) Political philosophers have also expanded the field of politics to include emancipatory politics, the politics of...

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