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Understanding Politics

Theory, Procedures, Narratives


Tadeusz Klementewicz

This book analyses how contemporary political science can develop as a structure of knowledge gathered by the individual sub-disciplines of political studies, as well as the remaining disciplines of social sciences. It helps to get a fuller understanding of political phenomena and to reconstruct the process of emergence of the global civilisation. The author reflects about the current state of research conducted by political scientists. The research is conducted within a few major research paradigms. This work presents a strategy of integrating knowledge about man and society.

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Chapter 3: Methodological Particularities of Political Science’s Analysis


Chapter 3

Methodological Particularities of Political Science’s Analysis

Research procedures and methods applied in a given sub-discipline are the instruments of cognitive penetration of its area of interest. Hence, the characteristic and typical features and forms of existence of political phenomena that determine the primary or secondary role of the individual methods and procedures leading to the understanding of politics. Let us examine the major determinants of the cognitive strength and restrictions of a political scientist.

3.1. Logical Structure of Knowledge in the Humanities: The Problem of Syndromicity of Political Phenomena

Political science is not independent on the explanatory plane. This is caused by the basic determinants of the political life residing outside of this sphere, mainly in the society’s economic structure. Finding the necessary knowledge to draw the boundaries of the world of politics requires references to many, rather general, theories, which form the edifice of humanistic knowledge. From the point of view of generality, it is a multi-storey structure, though, interestingly, one with no foundation. It consists of three storeys: general anthropology, sociology (the whole of the society) and those disciplines that study individual social structures, including the political sphere of social life.

In the contemporary reflection on empirical sciences, greater weight is attached to the role of the philosophical perspective (epistemic frame of reference, the external basis of science). It forms the so-called solid core of the research programmes, abandoning of which is the last resort when...

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