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Understanding Politics

Theory, Procedures, Narratives


Tadeusz Klementewicz

This book analyses how contemporary political science can develop as a structure of knowledge gathered by the individual sub-disciplines of political studies, as well as the remaining disciplines of social sciences. It helps to get a fuller understanding of political phenomena and to reconstruct the process of emergence of the global civilisation. The author reflects about the current state of research conducted by political scientists. The research is conducted within a few major research paradigms. This work presents a strategy of integrating knowledge about man and society.

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Chapter 8: Theory of International Relations in the System of Sciences on Politics


Chapter 8

Theory of International Relations in the System of Sciences on Politics

8.1. International Relations in the Perspective of a Nation-State – the General Theory and Empirical-Historical Theories

In the tradition of research on the political life of societies, there is an original politological tradition of understanding politics, its origins and role in the society. Within it, a politician is the guardian of social order. In the reflection on the essence of relations between nations, E.H. Carr, R. Aron and K.N. Waltz are the patrons of this tradition.

According to this conception, the political dimension of human life within organised communities of nations with a common economy, state and culture has a permanent and inherent nature. This dimension appears as an emerging, qualitatively new feature of social macrostructures composed of nations. When such communities organised into nations coexist next to one another, their security (continuity free from threats to life and property of its members) can never be absolute. For as long as operable firearms are deposited somewhere in the garrisons’ warehouses, they can always be used against us. Attempts may be made to overcome this risk by entering into the right alliances, acquiring better weapons, balancing military strength, surrendering under the protection of an empire. However, as long as there is no world state or there is no general disarmament, Homo sapiens remains Homo politicus.

The subject field of international relations is the history of humankind divided into separate...

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