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Political Leadership in Morphogenetic Perspective

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Filip Pierzchalski

This book depicts a new research perspective of political leadership, in which the multi-level and dynamic leadership relation is explained as relations between the leader (human agency) and followers (sociological environment). In this sense, leadership comprises mutual influences between personal and structural domain. In morphogenesis, the subjective matrix of leadership keeps the division into private and public exposure, as well as individual and collective realization, which in fact means that the phenomenon of political leadership directly depends on the reality of the agent and structure. The author offers a new point of view for his primary research goal, which is a precise and systematic explication of the notion of political leadership in the morphogenetic scope.

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1. Multi-dimensional understanding of the political sphere

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1.  Multi-dimensional understanding of the political sphere

1.1  Political reality in dialectical perspective

Dialectic understood as a complementary way of analysis and comprehension of reality has been a heuristic research tool for many theoreticians or methodologists within the scope of political science. Not only does it refer to the flagship issues of dialectic contradictions within the society, state or in supranational structures, which are even intensified in the contemporary globalised world but most importantly it refers to the cohesive research orientation. This orientation helps to create a dialectic model of political reality based on diachronic, holist and multi-level analysis of its individual components. In this sense, dialectic is a strictly defined strategy of research where – as Roy Bhaskar argued – there is a possibility for a multi-level explanation of the subject matter of politics, including facts, states of affairs or political processes:

As it is, at the level of generality at which Dialectic is inevitably pitched, only very general maxims can be derived: “seek out contradictions in essential structures rather than, or at least in addition to, empirical regularities” – this is the way you will identify endogenous sources of change; “reconnect apparently unrelated phenomena at both intensive and extensive margins of inquiry” – to discover whether holistic causality is in fact at work; “treat geo-historical process and intra-activity as existentially constitutive”. This is how indentifies the presence of the past or outside and of totality. Treat events as conjunctures; ideologies as both...

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