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Political Leadership in Morphogenetic Perspective

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Filip Pierzchalski

This book depicts a new research perspective of political leadership, in which the multi-level and dynamic leadership relation is explained as relations between the leader (human agency) and followers (sociological environment). In this sense, leadership comprises mutual influences between personal and structural domain. In morphogenesis, the subjective matrix of leadership keeps the division into private and public exposure, as well as individual and collective realization, which in fact means that the phenomenon of political leadership directly depends on the reality of the agent and structure. The author offers a new point of view for his primary research goal, which is a precise and systematic explication of the notion of political leadership in the morphogenetic scope.

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4. Understanding political leadership

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4.  Understanding political leadership

4.1  The notion of political leadership

Scientific analysis of the phenomenon of political leadership is today the subject of many intellectual and theoretical controversies where basically it is difficult to reach definitional consensus with respect to the leader ↔ followers relationship137. This difficulty has its roots in the philosophy of history, when individual researchers of the social world tried to answer the fundamental question how leaders emerge in certain political circumstances. Does the emergence of leaders depend directly on outstanding and/or abilities distinguished from its surroundings, talents, psychophysical features of such leaders? Or just the opposite – it is a matter of objective conditions, treated as a resultant of various socio-structural references, in the extreme terms, which directly determine the emergence of leaders in the political space?

In other words, the two extremes of perception, describing, and explaining the meaning of leadership, where on the one hand we can talk about an idealized, almost omnipotent approach to the individual, with its unquestioned role and importance in the historical process; on the other hand, about the total subordination of the individual course of human history, when individuals become “a speck of dust in the wind” and/or statistically insignificant element in the process of scientific explanation of the social change. In this context, it includes the question of theoretical and empirical conflict concerning the definition of the phenomenon of leadership that oscillates between prominent individuals-leaders and the temporal and social...

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