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Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

This volume is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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Evaluation of wheat Agriculture in Turkey with Swot Analysis (Sema Konyali)

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Sema Konyali1 Evaluation of wheat Agriculture in Turkey with SWOT Analysis Introduction Wheat is fundamental to human civilization and has played an outstanding role in feeding a hungry world and improving global food security. The crop contributes about 20% of the total dietary calories and proteins worldwide (Shiferaw, 2013). It is also an important commodity and is consumed by households in almost all countries in several forms (bread, pasta, breakfast cereals, chapatti, and bakery products) (Gomez-Plana and Devadoss, 2004). When there is a decrease in wheat production globally, for any reason, there is an increase in the price of bread and also of foods made from flour, which has a direct effect on consumers. It is there- fore important for countries to produce sufficient wheat to meet the demand, or to have sufficient quantities of wheat in their stocks. In Turkey, wheat has been grown on about 7.9 million ha with production of around 22 million metric tons annually. The average yield of the wheat is 2870 kg/ha (TSI, 2016). It is a strategic product consumed mostly as bread, but also as bulgur, yufka (falt bread) and cookies. Wheat is generally produced in Thrace, Mediterranean, Aegean and Marmara Seaside places as a spring type and in the other places it is produced as a winter type. In many other countries, wheat has been deemed to fall within the scope of “special support” from the government and, in the case of Turkey, wheat production has been supported by the Turkish state...

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