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Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

This volume is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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Determining the Occupational Health and Security of Personnel Working in a Highly Dangerous Industrial Branch (Elif Çelenk Kaya / Necla İrem Ölmezoğlu / Afşin Ahmet Kaya)

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Elif Çelenk Kaya1, Necla İrem Ölmezoğlu1 and Afşin Ahmet Kaya2 Determining the Occupational Health and Security of Personnel Working in a Highly Dangerous Industrial Branch Introduction Industrial activities which enable human beings to further benefit from the earth support the countries’ development in numerous fields and economic growth. The leading industry using stone and soil as raw materials is the cement industry. Cement is a hydraulic binder obtained through the grinding of clinker, which is obtained with the mixing and heating of raw materials, mainly silicon, calcium, aluminium, and ferrous oxides with one or several additives. Naturally, the cement sector displays a growth based on the construction sector in countries where urban transformation and infrastructure projects support the demand for cement. With the significant contribution of the increasing demand in the developing countries, the global cement consumption amounted to four billion tons in 2013. In terms of production, China, the second biggest economy of the world, realises about 60% of the global production on its own. Operating with 67 plants in total, the Turkish cement sector ranks fifth in global production following China, India, the United States of America (USA), and Iran. With respect to export, Turkey is the biggest producer in Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean region and according to the data from 2013, it is the second biggest cement exporter of the world following China (Ministry of Economy of Turkey, 2015). The cement sector has a highly significant place in the Turkish economy. More than ten...

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