Marginality, Ethnicity and Identity in Literatures
Contemporary literature concerns itself with transgressing borders and destabilizing hierarchical orders. Border crossing to question the given limits and orthodox beliefs brings many disciplines and diverse experiences together, and the result is a myriad of ways of expressing the alternatives when the established boundaries are liberated. The volume presents fifteen essays and brings together many academics and scholars who share a common interest in transgressing borders in literatures. The book is determined to encourage border violations, and each paper tackles the issue of border crossing in different realms and territories.
The Image of the Ottoman Empire and Turkish Women in Ibrahim, The Thirteenth Emperor of The Turks by Mary Pix (Violetta Trofimova)
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The Image of the Ottoman Empire and Turkish Women in Ibrahim, The Thirteenth Emperor of The Turks by Mary Pix
In the seventeenth century, European people perceived the Ottoman Empire as a threat. Turkey’s military success in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe made European countries join forces against the common enemy. Nevertheless, negative attitude to the Ottomans did not mean lack of interest in their history. There existed travel accounts, historical writings, as well as fictionalized prose and drama about Turkey. The early works on national mentality also included the Ottomans. In this chapter, we are going to focus on several issues. First of all, the general view on the Ottoman Empire in seventeenth-century English literature will be presented as reflected, above all, in John Barclay’s Icon Animorum. After this survey, an account of an early English woman playwright Mary Pix will be given, as well as of her tragedy Ibrahim, The Thirteenth Emperor of the Turks. The historical sources for this play will be discussed, and we will attempt at presenting not only European, but also Turkish point of view by turning to Turkish materials available. A contrast will be made between Mary Pix’s play and a tragedy by her elder contemporary William Whitaker, The Conspiracy, or The Change of Government. After that, the analysis of Pix’s tragedy will be presented with a special focus on female characters. Finally, a comparison with a modern Turkish play Ibrahim the Mad by Turan...
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