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B/Orders Unbound

Marginality, Ethnicity and Identity in Literatures

Sule Okuroglu Ozun and Mustafa Kirca

Contemporary literature concerns itself with transgressing borders and destabilizing hierarchical orders. Border crossing to question the given limits and orthodox beliefs brings many disciplines and diverse experiences together, and the result is a myriad of ways of expressing the alternatives when the established boundaries are liberated. The volume presents fifteen essays and brings together many academics and scholars who share a common interest in transgressing borders in literatures. The book is determined to encourage border violations, and each paper tackles the issue of border crossing in different realms and territories.

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Dear White People or the Rebirth of the Black Power Movement: The Failure of American Multiculturalism? (Rim Khaled)


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Rim Khaled

Dear White People or the Rebirth of the Black Power Movement: The Failure of American Multiculturalism?

In a modern-day multicultural America, where diversity is celebrated and has become part of its self-definition as a nation, one would not suspect the question of race and ethnicity still to be problematic. The experience of the United States with all sorts of pluralism and differences is undoubtedly unique. Its history with diversity started with bloodshed resulting from the clashes opposing the first settlers to the Native Americans, it was then marked by the slave trade, followed by waves of immigration, the establishment of ethnic minorities and diasporas, and the emergence of racism bringing about de facto and de jure segregation. The Civil Rights movement brought about drastic changes as it gradually led to the desegregation of the country, the establishment of affirmative action, an acceptance of diversity, consequently resulting in a new definition of the country as a nation of the people, multicultural in essence, and advocating differences. Nevertheless, despite its unique experience and lengthy process in achieving what it is today, American multiculturalism – in practice – seems to be flawed and failing its people since practices such as racism, colorism and what could be dubbed “pseudo-segregation” are still present and some – if not most – ethnic minorities are suffering the consequences. Since this is not an assessment of the institutional definition and practice of multiculturalism but rather an evaluation of how it is experienced and...

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