Edited By Jürgen Plöhn and George Chobanov
The articles in this volume are selected from the contributions to two international conferences. Authors and teams tackle general economic approaches and developments with respect to new concepts for the production possibility frontier, the connection of development and exports diversification and improvements to the business process. Other contributors address economic sustainability with respect to an institutional path to sustainable growth, available financial instruments, behavioral models of economic expectations, solutions for waste treatment as well as to technological aspects related to security, privacy and IT governance. Finally, a third group of authors discusses health policy in the EU and postsecondary education in Bulgaria as aspects of public welfare.
Health and Consumer Policy in the EU (Remi Maier-Rigaud / Michael Sauer / Frank Schulz-Nieswandt)
Remi Maier-Rigaud / Michael Sauer / Frank Schulz-Nieswandt
(Hochschule Rhein-Main, Wiesbaden / University of Cologne, Germany)
Health and Consumer Policy in the EU
Abstract: The central viewpoint for cross-disciplinary explanations of the European political architecture is the multi-level analysis of the EU as a complex set of institutions and an open-ended project at the same time. Against this background the study analyzes European Social Policy, as a relatively new field of the EU which can be understood in the framework of the multi-level system by taking into account the principle of subsidiarity.
In such a setting the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) can serve as a tool to achieve the strategic goals of the Lisbon Strategy for European development. The dominant rationale of EU policies can be identified in an economic approach.
In general, European Consumer Policy follows an empowerment approach. The new Tobacco Products Directive is a success story for consumers, exhibiting soft paternalist regulation along the lines of a differential consumer protection strategy. By contrast, a different pattern can be identified in the area of food labelling. There an industry-friendly regulation prevailed.
The European Union is on the one hand a complex world of political tensions and institutional role-ambiguities. On the other hand, the EU is an open-ended project and a vision of sustainable peace order as well as a non-American way of integrated economic and social progress: a European Social Model...
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