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Verga innovatore / Innovative Verga

L’opera caleidoscopica di Giovanni Verga in chiave iconica, sinergica e transculturale / The kaleidoscopic work of Giovanni Verga in iconic, synergetic and transcultural terms

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Edited By Dagmar Reichardt and Lia Fava Guzzetta

Questa antologia internazionale focalizza l’opera letteraria di Giovanni Verga puntando sul suo potenziale «caleidoscopico» e transculturale. Le innovazioni del grande Verista siciliano, il respiro europeo del suo pensiero, le numerose sinergie estetiche e la sensibilità della sua denuncia sociale rivelano un autore pronto a dialogare attraverso la sua arte con i più squisiti scrittori della «letteratura mondo».

This international collection focuses on the literary work of Giovanni Verga pinpointing its «kaleidoscopic» and transcultural potential. The innovations of the leading Sicilian «verista», the European drive of his thought, the many aesthetic synergies and the sensitivity of his social denunciation show an author ready to interact through his art with top writers in World Literature.

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Uncovering Giovanni Verga’s post-colonial Consciousness: From Vita dei campi to I Malavoglia (Norma Bouchard)

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← 104 | 105 →

Norma Bouchard*

Uncovering Giovanni Verga’s post-colonial Consciousness: From Vita dei campi to I Malavoglia

Verga scrisse così la storia poetica della sua nazione e del suo tempo, con la pietà illuminata che persuade gli artisti di risuscitare i trapassati.

Riccardo Bacchelli1

1.  Colonialism and diasporic dispersion at the origin of the Italian nation-state

As Antonio Gramsci reminds us almost at the outset of La questione meridionale, with the territorial unification of the Italian peninsula in 1860, «la borghesia settentrionale ha soggiogato l’Italia meridionale e le isole e le ha ridotte a colonie di sfruttamento»2. Gramsci explains that the independent Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was annexed to the Piedmontese monarchy of the Savoy – a monarchy that had colonial ambitions even before unification when it had embarked in a naval display in front of Tunisia. But while Tunisia was out of reach, Southern Italy was not. Within a few decades, the Savoy monarchy turned the South into a supplying base of natural resources and human labor. It sought to balance the huge public debt accumulated by Piedmont in the 1850s through a 54% increase in direct taxes and the confiscation of millions of hectares of church and communal lands. This confiscation was especially detrimental to the masses whose ← 105 | 106 → welfare relied on monastic houses and the share of the commons3. The new state also introduced a military conscription that lasted for five years and was...

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