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HR Policies and Maternal Labor Supply

The Example of Employer-Supported Childcare


Susanne Schneider

The author asks how far the extension of employer-supported childcare serves as a driver for higher maternal labor supply. She addresses this question by categorizing employer-supported childcare as an efficiency wage introduced by the employer to increase the working volume of mothers. Applying various impact evaluation techniques in an econometric analysis, the author concludes that the availability of employer-supported childcare has a positive impact on the length and working volume of mothers who return back to work after giving birth. Furthermore, the usage of employer-supported childcare by mothers with pre-school age children influences the amount of agreed and actual working hours positively.

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3. Literature Review: Determinants of Maternal Labor Supply


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3.  Literature Review: Determinants of Maternal Labor Supply

The following chapter aims to present a widespread overview of determinants for maternal labor supply. Therefore, distinct categories offer insights on several factors as well as possible degree of interdependencies between single categories. Several factors emerge as additional explanations in several sections. The literature review focuses on Germany, but studies from other countries are complementarily used. The section on ESCC describes – next to the effect on the working volume – the effects on the working attitude.

3.1  Individual and household determinants

3.1.1  Partners and household income

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