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HR Policies and Maternal Labor Supply

The Example of Employer-Supported Childcare


Susanne Schneider

The author asks how far the extension of employer-supported childcare serves as a driver for higher maternal labor supply. She addresses this question by categorizing employer-supported childcare as an efficiency wage introduced by the employer to increase the working volume of mothers. Applying various impact evaluation techniques in an econometric analysis, the author concludes that the availability of employer-supported childcare has a positive impact on the length and working volume of mothers who return back to work after giving birth. Furthermore, the usage of employer-supported childcare by mothers with pre-school age children influences the amount of agreed and actual working hours positively.


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List of Figures

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List of Figures

Figure 4-1:Hygiene and motivation factors of Herzberg et al (1957)
Figure 4-2:Contrasting views on satisfaction and dissatisfaction
Figure 4-3:Work input in dependence on the wage
Figure 4-4:Labor supply and demand curve in connection with efficiency wage
Figure 4-5:Equilibrium in case of several intersection points
Figure 5-1:Schematic illustration of relationship between two variables and third factors
Figure 5-2:Schematic illustration of DiD analysis
Figure 5-3:Propensity scores for both groups when ESCC is available for mothers
Figure 5-4:Overview of sensitivity tests on the direct impact of ESCC
Figure 6-1:Kaplan-Meier survival estimates when ESCC is available at time of giving birth ← 11 | 12 →