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Nordic Prosody

Proceedings of the XIIth Conference, Trondheim 2016

Edited By Jardar Eggesbö Abrahamsen, Jacques Koreman and Wim van Dommelen

This volume contains articles based on the presentations given at the Nordic Prosody XII conference, which was held at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Trondheim, Norway) in August 2016. The contributors investigate various prosodic aspects, including intonation, rhythm, speaking rate, intensity, and breathing, using approaches ranging from phonetic and phonological analysis to speech technology methods. While most of the studies examine read speech, some of them explore the prosodics of spontaneous speech. The languages that receive most attention are Norwegian, Swedish and Icelandic as well as Estonian, Latgalian and Polish. In addition to the larger Nordic languages, several papers focus on regional languages spoken in these areas.

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The form and function of extrametrical, unaccented segments of East Norwegian utterances (Thorstein Fretheim)

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Thorstein Fretheim

The form and function of extrametrical, unaccented segments of East Norwegian utterances

Abstract: Unaccented syllables in spoken Norwegian can be incorporated in an Accent Unit (AU) and in a Focal Phrase (FP), the constituent dominating the AU in the intonational hierarchy, but they can also have a phonological position outside the AU and FP, as extrametrical syllables. The prosodic form of extrametrical syllables is contrasted with that of unaccented AU-internal (metrical) syllables, and a number of grammatical and semantic differences between extrametrical and metrical unaccented word forms are examined. Extrametrical treatment of syntactically right-detached unaccented items is necessary when the expression needs to be produced with a Low IU-terminal boundary tone (L%) for semantic reasons, and AU-internal treatment is the preferred strategy when the speaker’s intention is to produce a High IU-terminal boundary tone (H%). This paper explains why, and it demonstrates that the formal difference between a pre-adjectival definite article in Norwegian and a demonstrative determiner is most typically just one and the same segmental form placed either inside or outside an AU.

1. Introduction

The topmost node in the hierarchy of intonational constituents assumed in this paper is the IU (Intonation Unit), which consists of at least one and at most two FPs (Focal Phrases). An FP contains an indefinite number of AUs (Accents Units), minimally one. An AU is headed by the primarily stressed syllable of an accented word form, L* for Accent 1 and H*+L...

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