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Nordic Prosody

Proceedings of the XIIth Conference, Trondheim 2016

Edited By Jardar Eggesbö Abrahamsen, Jacques Koreman and Wim van Dommelen

This volume contains articles based on the presentations given at the Nordic Prosody XII conference, which was held at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Trondheim, Norway) in August 2016. The contributors investigate various prosodic aspects, including intonation, rhythm, speaking rate, intensity, and breathing, using approaches ranging from phonetic and phonological analysis to speech technology methods. While most of the studies examine read speech, some of them explore the prosodics of spontaneous speech. The languages that receive most attention are Norwegian, Swedish and Icelandic as well as Estonian, Latgalian and Polish. In addition to the larger Nordic languages, several papers focus on regional languages spoken in these areas.

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A note on accent 2 compounds in the Sunnmøre dialect (Jardar Eggesbø Abrahamsen)

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Jardar Eggesbø Abrahamsen

A note on accent 2 compounds in the Sunnmøre dialect

Abstract: Compounds with accent 2 in the Sunnmøre dialect of Norwegian attach the H of the accent 2 LHL sequence to a specific syllable in the second element of the compound, preferably a foot head, i.e. a syllable with secondary stress. This paper discusses some special cases where this either does not happen, or where it still happens unexpectedly due to an interaction between the LHL sequence and the intonational context.

1. Introduction

As in most Norwegian and Swedish dialects, primary stress in the Sunnmøre dialect of Norwegian always triggers one of two word accents. Accent 1 displays the melody HL, accent 2 the melody LHL; in both cases the melody begins in the syllable carrying primary stress. In this paper, primary stress will be marked with superscript [¹] for accent 1 and superscript [²] for accent 2. In addition, accent marks will often be used to indicate how the individual tones are realised on the syllables. An example of a minimal pair in the dialect is [¹skríːvə̀] ‘the document’ or ‘writes’ (present tense) vs. [²skrǐːvə̀] ‘write’ (inf.). The tone-bearing unit (TBU) is assumed to be the syllable, and the foot is a moraic trochee. When there are at least as many syllables available as there are tones, there are also no contours: [²skrìːvɑ́ndə̀] ‘writing’. What matters in this respect is not how long...

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