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Logic and Its Philosophy

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Jan Woleński

This collection of essays examines logic and its philosophy. The author investigates the nature of logic not only by describing its properties but also by showing philosophical applications of logical concepts and structures. He evaluates what logic is and analyzes among other aspects the relations of logic and language, the status of identity, bivalence, proof, truth, constructivism, and metamathematics. With examples concerning the application of logic to philosophy, he also covers semantic loops, the epistemic discourse, the normative discourse, paradoxes, properties of truth, truth-making as well as theology, being and logical determinism. The author concludes with a philosophical reflection on nothingness and its modelling.

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XX. Appendix Nothingness, Philosophy and Keret’s House

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XXAppendixNothingness, Philosophy and Keret’s House

The Israeli writer Yehiel De-Nur, also known by his pen name Ka-Tzetnik, was an extermination camp survivor who testified against Adolf Eichmann at the 1961 trial in Jerusalem. He said there, among other things:

   I was there for about two years. Time there was not like it is here on earth. Every fraction of a minute there passed on a different scale of time. And the inhabitants of this planet had no names, they had no parents nor did they have children. There they did not dress in the way we dress here; they were not born there and they did not give birth; they breathed according to different laws of nature; they did not live – nor did they die – according to the laws of this world. Their name was the number…49

One could hardly imagine a more moving testimony of that topsy-turvy world, another world, or world of death, where virtually everything was different than in the normal reality, the world of life. One of the German doctors working at Auschwitz told his colleague before an Aktion in the women’s barracks that they would find themselves in the anus mundi – ‘anus of the world’. In fact, everything there was organized so that the ‘inhabitants of this planet’ would never forget that their only duty was to die (as put by one of the Treblinka commanders).

It immediately prompts one to consider this world of death...

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